Transparent blown films from poly(lactide) and poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) compounds: Structure and property

Transparent blown films from poly(lactide) and poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) compounds:... The application range of poly(lactide), PLA, films is limited due to the brittleness and notch-sensitivity. In this work, thin films with balanced properties were fabricated by melt blowing of PLA and poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) blends. The film thickness is dependent on the taken-up speed and reached to around 10 μm at the taken-up speed over 14 m/min. The presence of EVA not only significantly enhanced the tensile toughness and notch-resistance of the PLA films but also retained high transmittance. The films exhibited anisotropic mechanical performances which were correlated to the micro-morphology differences between the take-up direction (DD) and the transversal direction (TD) as characterized by atomic force microscope. In addition, the EVA with 80 wt% VA units showed better overall modification effect on the PLA films than the EVA with 60 wt% VA units. Superior mechanical properties of PLA/EVA (80/20) blends such as tensile strength of 50–60 MPa, elongation at break up to 230% and tear strength of 85 kN/m were achieved in the DD direction. Meanwhile, balanced properties were also achieved in TD direction. Moreover, a transmittance of around 90% was obtained for the PLA/EVA films which are comparable to neat PLA films. A high enough VA unit content is crucial for superior mechanical properties and high transparency. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Polymer Degradation and Stability Elsevier

Transparent blown films from poly(lactide) and poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) compounds: Structure and property

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/transparent-blown-films-from-poly-lactide-and-poly-ethylene-co-vinyl-uj2Pj1QeNz
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0141-3910
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2016.05.010
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The application range of poly(lactide), PLA, films is limited due to the brittleness and notch-sensitivity. In this work, thin films with balanced properties were fabricated by melt blowing of PLA and poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) (EVA) blends. The film thickness is dependent on the taken-up speed and reached to around 10 μm at the taken-up speed over 14 m/min. The presence of EVA not only significantly enhanced the tensile toughness and notch-resistance of the PLA films but also retained high transmittance. The films exhibited anisotropic mechanical performances which were correlated to the micro-morphology differences between the take-up direction (DD) and the transversal direction (TD) as characterized by atomic force microscope. In addition, the EVA with 80 wt% VA units showed better overall modification effect on the PLA films than the EVA with 60 wt% VA units. Superior mechanical properties of PLA/EVA (80/20) blends such as tensile strength of 50–60 MPa, elongation at break up to 230% and tear strength of 85 kN/m were achieved in the DD direction. Meanwhile, balanced properties were also achieved in TD direction. Moreover, a transmittance of around 90% was obtained for the PLA/EVA films which are comparable to neat PLA films. A high enough VA unit content is crucial for superior mechanical properties and high transparency.

Journal

Polymer Degradation and StabilityElsevier

Published: Jul 1, 2016

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial