Forest Ecology and Management 363 (2016) 63–73 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Forest Ecology and Management journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/foreco Transition from windfall- to patch-driven outbreak dynamics of the spruce bark beetle Ips typographus a,⇑ b a b Bjørn Økland , Christo Nikolov , Paal Krokene , Jozef Vakula Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research, P.O. Box 115, NO-1431 Ås, Norway National Forest Centre, Forest Research Institute, T. G. Masaryka 22, 960 92 Zvolen, Slovakia article i nfo abstract Article history: The purpose of this study is to increase the basic understanding of outbreak dynamics in order to improve Received 14 August 2015 the management of bark beetle outbreaks. The spruce bark beetle Ips typographus is a major disturbance Received in revised form 1 December 2015 agent of European forests and is the continent’s most economically and environmentally damaging bark Accepted 11 December 2015 beetle. Outbreaks of the spruce bark beetle are often triggered by large windfall episodes, and we have Available online 29 December 2015 utilized a unique opportunity to study a Slovakian outbreak where little salvage logging was performed in some areas after a 2.5 million m storm-felling in 2004. Keywords: Our analyses focused on the ﬁrst ﬁve years
Forest Ecology and Management – Elsevier
Published: Mar 1, 2016
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