Although the LiNi0.5Mn0.25Co0.25O2 holds the merits of high theoretical capacities and a relatively high operating voltage, the battery performance suffers from the severe cycling decay due to the unstable solid electrolyte interface on the cathode. Herein, we present LiPO2F2 as a salt-type electrolyte additive to enhance the cycling stability of large-size crystallite LiNi0.5Mn0.25Co0.25O2 cathodes. Results demonstrate that 1 wt% LiPO2F2 can significantly improve not only the initial coulombic efficiency by 3%, but also the cycling stability and rate capability at 25 °C. Furthermore, the discharge capacity of LiNi0.5Mn0.25Co0.25O2 cathodes still maintain 156 mAh g−1 after 100 cycles even when the temperature increases to 55 °C. In-depth experimental characterization and theoretical calculation indicate that a new stable and thin (e.g. 15–20 nm) film formed on the surface of the cathodes, with composition of LiPO2F2, LiF, etc., which significantly reduces charge transfer impedance of the electrodes, and therefore significantly improves the cycling and rate performance of LiNi0.5Mn0.25Co0.25O2.
Journal of Power Sources – Elsevier
Published: Mar 15, 2018
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