Topiramate reduces excitotoxic and ischemic injury in the rat retina

Topiramate reduces excitotoxic and ischemic injury in the rat retina The effects of topiramate, a drug used clinically as an anti-epileptic, were investigated in excitotoxin-induced neurotoxicity models involving two different retinal primary cultures and in a rat model of retinal ischemic injury. For the in vitro studies, we used retinal-neuron cultures from rat embryos and purified retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) from newborn rats. In the retinal-neuron cultures, neurotoxicity was induced by a 10-min exposure to 1 mM glutamate or (±)-a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA). In RGCs, neurotoxicity was induced by incubation for 3 days in a culture medium containing 25 μM glutamate. For the in vivo study, retinal ischemia was induced by elevating intraocular pressure to 130 mmHg for 45 min, and topiramate was administered intraperitoneally before and after the ischemia. Retinal damage was evaluated by measuring the number of cells in the ganglion cell layer (GCL) and the thickness of the inner plexiform layer (IPL), and by examining the a- and b-waves of the electroretinogram (ERG). Topiramate (≥1 μM) markedly reduced the neuronal cell death induced by each of the excitotoxins in rat retinal-neuron cultures and in RGCs. Ischemia caused a decrease in GCL cells and in IPL thickness, and a diminution of the ERG waves. Histopathologic and functional analyses indicated that systemic treatment with topiramate prevented ischemia-induced damage in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, topiramate was protective against excitotoxic and ischemic retinal-neuron damage in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Therefore, it may be useful for treatment of the retina-related diseases such as central retinal artery occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Brain Research Elsevier

Topiramate reduces excitotoxic and ischemic injury in the rat retina

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Science B.V.
ISSN
0006-8993
D.O.I.
10.1016/S0006-8993(03)02270-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The effects of topiramate, a drug used clinically as an anti-epileptic, were investigated in excitotoxin-induced neurotoxicity models involving two different retinal primary cultures and in a rat model of retinal ischemic injury. For the in vitro studies, we used retinal-neuron cultures from rat embryos and purified retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) from newborn rats. In the retinal-neuron cultures, neurotoxicity was induced by a 10-min exposure to 1 mM glutamate or (±)-a-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA). In RGCs, neurotoxicity was induced by incubation for 3 days in a culture medium containing 25 μM glutamate. For the in vivo study, retinal ischemia was induced by elevating intraocular pressure to 130 mmHg for 45 min, and topiramate was administered intraperitoneally before and after the ischemia. Retinal damage was evaluated by measuring the number of cells in the ganglion cell layer (GCL) and the thickness of the inner plexiform layer (IPL), and by examining the a- and b-waves of the electroretinogram (ERG). Topiramate (≥1 μM) markedly reduced the neuronal cell death induced by each of the excitotoxins in rat retinal-neuron cultures and in RGCs. Ischemia caused a decrease in GCL cells and in IPL thickness, and a diminution of the ERG waves. Histopathologic and functional analyses indicated that systemic treatment with topiramate prevented ischemia-induced damage in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, topiramate was protective against excitotoxic and ischemic retinal-neuron damage in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Therefore, it may be useful for treatment of the retina-related diseases such as central retinal artery occlusion, diabetic retinopathy, and glaucoma.

Journal

Brain ResearchElsevier

Published: Mar 28, 2003

References

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