Time course of Tau toxicity and pharmacologic prevention in a cell model of Tauopathy

Time course of Tau toxicity and pharmacologic prevention in a cell model of Tauopathy The aggregation of Tau protein is a hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease. Previously, we generated a cell model of tauopathy based on the 4-repeat domain with the FTDP-17 mutation ΔK280 (Tau4RDΔK) which is expressed in a regulatable fashion (tet-on). The deletion variant ΔK280 is highly amyloidogenic and forms fibrous aggregates in neuroblastoma N2a cells staining with the reporter dye Thioflavin S. The aggregation of Tau4RDΔK is toxic, contrary to wildtype or anti-aggregant variants of the protein. Using a novel approach for monitoring in situ Tau aggregation and toxicity by combination of microscopic analysis with FACS and biochemical analysis of cells enabled the dissection of the aggregating species which cause a time-dependent increase of toxicity. The dominant initiating step is the dimerization of Tau4RDΔK which leads to further aggregation and induces a strong increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cytoplasmic Ca2+ which damage the membranes and cause cell death. Tau-based treatments using Tau aggregation inhibitors reduce both soluble oligomeric and fully aggregated Tau species and decrease their toxicity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neurobiology of Aging Elsevier

Time course of Tau toxicity and pharmacologic prevention in a cell model of Tauopathy

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/time-course-of-tau-toxicity-and-pharmacologic-prevention-in-a-cell-n0BufB9JPI
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0197-4580
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2017.04.022
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The aggregation of Tau protein is a hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease. Previously, we generated a cell model of tauopathy based on the 4-repeat domain with the FTDP-17 mutation ΔK280 (Tau4RDΔK) which is expressed in a regulatable fashion (tet-on). The deletion variant ΔK280 is highly amyloidogenic and forms fibrous aggregates in neuroblastoma N2a cells staining with the reporter dye Thioflavin S. The aggregation of Tau4RDΔK is toxic, contrary to wildtype or anti-aggregant variants of the protein. Using a novel approach for monitoring in situ Tau aggregation and toxicity by combination of microscopic analysis with FACS and biochemical analysis of cells enabled the dissection of the aggregating species which cause a time-dependent increase of toxicity. The dominant initiating step is the dimerization of Tau4RDΔK which leads to further aggregation and induces a strong increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cytoplasmic Ca2+ which damage the membranes and cause cell death. Tau-based treatments using Tau aggregation inhibitors reduce both soluble oligomeric and fully aggregated Tau species and decrease their toxicity.

Journal

Neurobiology of AgingElsevier

Published: Sep 1, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off