Tim3/galectin-9 alleviates the inflammation of TAO patients via suppressing Akt/NF-kB signaling pathway

Tim3/galectin-9 alleviates the inflammation of TAO patients via suppressing Akt/NF-kB signaling... Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is an autoimmune disease. Studies showed that T helper 1 (Th1), Th2, and Th17 cells play important roles in the pathology of TAO. Tim-3 and its only known ligand Galectin-9 (Gal-9) is related to the suppression of Th1 and Th17 cytokine secretion. This study aims to investigate the role of Tim3/Gal-9 in the inflammatory response of TAO. In this study, the levels of Tim3, Gal-9, and cytokines of Th1 (TNF-α and IFN-γ), Th2 (IL-4), and Th17 (IL-17) cells were analyzed in the blood samples of TAO patients and healthy controls as well as in orbital fibroblasts. Tim3 overexpression and Gal-9 neutralizing antibody were used in TAO and LPS-stimulated control orbital fibroblasts to further investigate the role and mechanism of Tim3/Gal-9 on the inflammation of TAO. We found Tim3 and Gal-9 expression was significantly downregulated in TAO patients and further lower in active TAO than inactive TAO or controls. Th1, Th2, and Th17 cytokines were all increased in TAO patients. Th1 and Th17 cytokines were higher in active TAO patients than in inactive TAO patients, while Th2 cytokines were enhanced in inactive TAO. Tim3 overexpression decreased the levels of Th1 and Th17 cytokines, but not Th2 cytokine in TAO or LPS-stimulated control orbital fibroblasts. These effects were abrogated by Gal-9 neutralizing antibody. Moreover, Tim3 reduced the levels of p-Akt and p-p65 in TAO or LPS-induced control orbital fibroblasts that were reversed by Gal-9 blocking. In conclusion, Tim3/Gal-9 alleviates the inflammation of TAO patients via suppressing Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications Elsevier

Tim3/galectin-9 alleviates the inflammation of TAO patients via suppressing Akt/NF-kB signaling pathway

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/tim3-galectin-9-alleviates-the-inflammation-of-tao-patients-via-nwqLA04kKU
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0006-291x
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.07.144
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is an autoimmune disease. Studies showed that T helper 1 (Th1), Th2, and Th17 cells play important roles in the pathology of TAO. Tim-3 and its only known ligand Galectin-9 (Gal-9) is related to the suppression of Th1 and Th17 cytokine secretion. This study aims to investigate the role of Tim3/Gal-9 in the inflammatory response of TAO. In this study, the levels of Tim3, Gal-9, and cytokines of Th1 (TNF-α and IFN-γ), Th2 (IL-4), and Th17 (IL-17) cells were analyzed in the blood samples of TAO patients and healthy controls as well as in orbital fibroblasts. Tim3 overexpression and Gal-9 neutralizing antibody were used in TAO and LPS-stimulated control orbital fibroblasts to further investigate the role and mechanism of Tim3/Gal-9 on the inflammation of TAO. We found Tim3 and Gal-9 expression was significantly downregulated in TAO patients and further lower in active TAO than inactive TAO or controls. Th1, Th2, and Th17 cytokines were all increased in TAO patients. Th1 and Th17 cytokines were higher in active TAO patients than in inactive TAO patients, while Th2 cytokines were enhanced in inactive TAO. Tim3 overexpression decreased the levels of Th1 and Th17 cytokines, but not Th2 cytokine in TAO or LPS-stimulated control orbital fibroblasts. These effects were abrogated by Gal-9 neutralizing antibody. Moreover, Tim3 reduced the levels of p-Akt and p-p65 in TAO or LPS-induced control orbital fibroblasts that were reversed by Gal-9 blocking. In conclusion, Tim3/Gal-9 alleviates the inflammation of TAO patients via suppressing Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway.

Journal

Biochemical and Biophysical Research CommunicationsElsevier

Published: Sep 30, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off