Theoretical foundations for conceptual modelling in information systems development

Theoretical foundations for conceptual modelling in information systems development Conceptual modelling in information systems development is the creation of an enterprise model for the purpose of designing the information system. It is an important aspect of systems analysis. The value of a conceptual modelling language (CML) lies in its ability to capture the relevant knowledge about a domain. To determine which constructs should be included in a CML it would be beneficial to use some theoretical guidelines. However, this is usually not done. The purpose of this paper is to promote the idea that theories related to human knowledge can be used as foundations for conceptual modelling in systems development. We suggest the use of ontology, concept theory , and speech act theory . These approaches were chosen because: (1) they deal with important and different aspects relevant to conceptual modelling and (2) they have already been used in the context of systems analysis. For each approach we discuss: the rationale for its use, its principles, its application to conceptual modelling, and its limitations. We also demonstrate the concepts of the three approaches by analysing an example. The analysis also serves to show how each approach deals with different aspects of modelling. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Decision Support Systems Elsevier

Theoretical foundations for conceptual modelling in information systems development

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved
ISSN
0167-9236
eISSN
1873-5797
DOI
10.1016/0167-9236(94)00043-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Conceptual modelling in information systems development is the creation of an enterprise model for the purpose of designing the information system. It is an important aspect of systems analysis. The value of a conceptual modelling language (CML) lies in its ability to capture the relevant knowledge about a domain. To determine which constructs should be included in a CML it would be beneficial to use some theoretical guidelines. However, this is usually not done. The purpose of this paper is to promote the idea that theories related to human knowledge can be used as foundations for conceptual modelling in systems development. We suggest the use of ontology, concept theory , and speech act theory . These approaches were chosen because: (1) they deal with important and different aspects relevant to conceptual modelling and (2) they have already been used in the context of systems analysis. For each approach we discuss: the rationale for its use, its principles, its application to conceptual modelling, and its limitations. We also demonstrate the concepts of the three approaches by analysing an example. The analysis also serves to show how each approach deals with different aspects of modelling.

Journal

Decision Support SystemsElsevier

Published: Dec 1, 1995

References

  • An Overview of the KL-ONE Knowledge Representation System
    Brachman, B.; Schmolze, J.
  • Computer Systems and the Design of Organizational Interaction
    Flores, F.; Graves, M.; Hartfield, B.; Winograd, T.
  • Database Description with SDM: A Semantic Database Model
    Hammer, R.; McLeod, D.
  • Object-Oriented Analysis and Design
    Martin, J.; Odell, J.
  • Concepts and Concept Formation
    Medin, D.; Smith, E.
  • Concepts and Thoughts
    Smith, E.
  • A Logical Design Methodology for Relational Databases Using the Extended Entity-Relationship Model
    Teorey, T.; Yang, Y.; Fry, J.
  • On the Deep Structure of Information Systems
    Wand, Y.; Weber, R.

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