Limit dextrinase (LD) and limit dextrinase inhibitor (LDI) are the two important traits affecting malt quality. The genetic variation and controlling of LD activity and LDI content in barley grains and malt are not well understood. In this study, we measured LD activity and LDI content in both grains and malt of 68 cultivated barley genotypes. The results show that there is a wide difference among barley genotypes in both LD activity and LDI content. LD in malt is not correlated with LD in grains, but negatively correlated with LDI in malt. LD in malt is positively correlated with diastatic power (DP), Kolbach index (KI) and soluble nitrogen content (SN), and negatively correlated with viscosity (VC). LDI in malt is positively correlated with DP and total nitrogen (TN), and negatively correlated with KI. Association analysis identifies 5 QTLs associated with LD and 3 QTLs associated with LDI in malt. Three major QTLs controlling LD in malt account for 35.7%, 35.7% and 28.4% of phenotypic variation, respectively. A total of 17 QTLs associated with malt quality are identified. The current results address the importance of both LD and LDI in affecting malt quality and the identified QTLs could be useful in barley breeding.
Journal of Cereal Science – Elsevier
Published: Jul 1, 2016
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