Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic, spore forming, rod shaped bacterium frequently isolated from butchery animals in recent years. The aim of this study is to evaluate the presence of C. difficile (especially ribotype 027 and 078) in cattle and sheep carcasses and to investigate the antibiotic susceptibility of isolates. The bacterium was isolated in 83 out of 247 (33.6%) cattle and 78 out of 308 (25.3%) sheep carcass samples. 15/83 (18.1%) cattle and 6/78 (7.7%) sheep isolates were identified as ribotype 027, whereas the other hypervirulent isolate ribotype 078 could not be detected among the analysed samples. Almost all isolates were susceptible to amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (98.8%), vancomycin (96.9%) and tetracycline (97.5%), whereas resistant to cefotaxim (97.5%) and imipenem (87.0%). In conclusion, the results demonstrate the presence of toxigenic C. difficile isolates in cattle and sheep carcasses on the slaughter line. As a result, the results of this study demonstrate the presence of toxigenic C. difficile isolates in cattle and sheep carcasses on the slaughter line.
Meat Science – Elsevier
Published: May 1, 2018
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