1 Introduction</h5> Smart grid is considered as a future of power grid which is able to manage the production, transmission and distribution of electricity by modern technology [1–5] to resolve many issues of current power grid systems. Some of these obstacles such as voltage sags, blackouts, overloads and old grids are part of economical issue and other factors especially carbon emissions which contribute to the environmental problem [6,7] . Thus, considering both economical and environmental interests, application of smart grid will be essential for near future [8–14] . Modernization of power grid by new facilities has been a reason for rapidly emerging of smart grid in many regions around the world [9,15] especially in developed countries [16,17] . Moreover, smart grid is necessary for developing countries in future due to integration with renewable energies and energy management features [18–20] . However, there are many challenging aspects for this technology to expand due to its broad nature and multi disciplinary aspects, that can make it becomes complicated and difficult to be implemented by governments in such countries  .</P>Taking into account information from the ISI Web of Knowledge, Fig. 1 shows the published items about smart grid in a
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2014
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