Decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209), as a major component of brominated flame retardants, has been detected in the agricultural soil in considerable amount. Given that BDE-209 is toxic, ubiquitous and persistent, BDE-209 might induce toxic effects on rice cultivars planted in contaminated soil. A comparative study was conducted on phytotoxicities and GC-MS based antioxidant-related metabolite levels to investigate the differences of phytotoxicities of BDE-209 to rice cultivars in Yangtze River Delta of China. Rice seedlings were treated with BDE-209 at 0, 10, 50, 100 and 500 μg/L in a hydroponic setup. Results showed that BDE-209-induced phytotoxicites were cultivar-dependent and that the antioxidant defense systems in the cultivars were disturbed differently. Among the three selected cultivars (Jiayou 5, Lianjing 7 and Yongyou 9), Jiayou 5 and Lianjing 7 displayed lower toxic effects than Yongyou 9 in terms of the growth inhibition, lipid peroxidation and DNA damage. The increases of antioxidant enzymes were significantly higher in Jiayou 5 and Lianjing 7 than those in Yongyou 9. Multivariate analysis of antioxidant-related metabolites in the three cultivars indicated that l-tryptophan and l-valine were the most important ones among 10 metabolites responsible for the separation of cultivars. The up-regulation of l-tryptophan and l-valine were likely plant strategies to increase their tolerance. The current results provided an insight into the development of rice cultivars with higher BDE-209 tolerance.
Environmental Pollution – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
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