The origins of vision: Effects of reflection, models, and analysis

The origins of vision: Effects of reflection, models, and analysis Although vision is known to be a critical component of outstanding leadership, little is known about how people create viable visions. Drawing from a model of vision formation proposed by Mumford and Strange (Mumford, M. D., & Strange, J. M. (2002). Vision and mental models: The case of charismatic and ideological leadership. In B. J. Avolio & F. J. Yammarino (Eds.), Transformational and charismatic leadership: The road ahead (pp. 109–142). Oxford, England: Elsevier), 212 undergraduates were asked to form a vision for an experimental secondary school where they would be the new principal. In addition to a plan for implementation of their vision, participants were asked to write a speech describing their vision for the school that was to be given to relevant constituencies. The conditions of performance were varied to manipulate the quality of the models available, reflection on past experience in secondary schools, and analysis of key goals and key causes. It was found that the availability of viable models and an analysis of key causes, and key goals, coupled with reflection, led to the generation of evocative visions and somewhat better plans. The implications of these findings for understanding vision formation and leader development are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Leadership Quarterly Elsevier

The origins of vision: Effects of reflection, models, and analysis

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
1048-9843
DOI
10.1016/j.leaqua.2004.07.006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Although vision is known to be a critical component of outstanding leadership, little is known about how people create viable visions. Drawing from a model of vision formation proposed by Mumford and Strange (Mumford, M. D., & Strange, J. M. (2002). Vision and mental models: The case of charismatic and ideological leadership. In B. J. Avolio & F. J. Yammarino (Eds.), Transformational and charismatic leadership: The road ahead (pp. 109–142). Oxford, England: Elsevier), 212 undergraduates were asked to form a vision for an experimental secondary school where they would be the new principal. In addition to a plan for implementation of their vision, participants were asked to write a speech describing their vision for the school that was to be given to relevant constituencies. The conditions of performance were varied to manipulate the quality of the models available, reflection on past experience in secondary schools, and analysis of key goals and key causes. It was found that the availability of viable models and an analysis of key causes, and key goals, coupled with reflection, led to the generation of evocative visions and somewhat better plans. The implications of these findings for understanding vision formation and leader development are discussed.

Journal

The Leadership QuarterlyElsevier

Published: Feb 1, 2005

References

  • Goal orientation and empirical research: A conceptual and empirical foundation
    Button, S.B.; Mathieu, J.A.; Zajac, D.M.
  • Dynamics of charismatic leadership: A process theory, simulation model, and tests
    Jacobsen, C.; House, R.J.
  • Effectiveness correlates of transformational and transactional leadership: A meta-analytic review of the MLQ literature
    Lowe, K.B.; Kroeck, K.G.; Sivasubramaniam, N.
  • Opportunistic planning: Being reminded of pending goals
    Patalano, A.L.; Siefert, C.M.

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