Glial-derived monocarboxylate lactate is thought to be an important energy source for neurons during brain activation or in hypoxia–ischemia. Treatment with α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamate (4-CIN), a monocarboxylate transporter inhibitor, has been recently reported to exacerbate delayed neuronal damage in a rat model of cerebral ischemia, an effect ascribed to inhibition of lactate/pyruvate transport. Since monocarboxylate transporters are abundant in the retina, we examined the effect of 4-CIN administration on the outcome of high intraocular pressure-induced retinal ischemia in rats. Retinal ischemic damage was assessed by changes in the electroretinogram (ERG), the retinal localization of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) immunoreactivities, and the loss of retinal mRNA for Thy-1. Intraperitoneal or intravitreal administration of 4-CIN had no effect on the ERG or the localization of ChAT and nNOS immunoreactivities in either the control retina or a retina subjected to ischemia/reperfusion. In addition, intravitreal injection of 4-CIN had no effect on ischemia-induced reduction of retinal mRNA levels for Thy-1. These results provide no evidence to support the view that blockade of lactate uptake and/or pyruvate entry into mitochondria for oxidative metabolism has an influence on the outcome of retinal ischemia/reperfusion.
Brain Research – Elsevier
Published: Oct 31, 2003
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera