Obesity is a chronic inflammatory state with cytokines, adipokines, and miRNAs. The A2a-adenosine system decreases activation and cytokine release in immune cells. MiR-221 is upregulated in carcinogenesis and inflammatory processes, where its targets PTEN and ETS-1, negatively regulates the Akt pathway and induces the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, respectively. However, the roles of the A2a-adenosine system and miR-221 in adipose tissue are unknown. The aim of this work was to evaluate the A2a-adenosine and miRNA pathways as immune modulators in adipose tissue. We collected aspirate of adipose tissue from patients with BMI < 25 kg/m2 (BMI < 25) and BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 (BMI ≥ 25) who underwent liposuction; the adipose tissue was digested with collagenase, and then a Ficoll gradient was performed to obtain mononuclear cells from adipose tissue (MCAT). We evaluated the A2a levels by quantitative Retro-transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-qPCR) and flow cytometry and the A2a-adenosine function with a proliferation assay or cytokine levels in the presence or absence of NAD+, activators, and inhibitors of the system. We also analyzed miR-221, ETS-1 and PTEN levels by qRT-PCR. First, we detected that MCAT presented higher basal proliferation than mononuclear cells from peripheral blood; however, activation of the A2a receptor downregulated cell proliferation and cytokine release. Interestingly, while miR-221 was downregulated in MCAT from subjects with BMI ≥ 25 compared to BMI < 25, their targets ETS-1 and PTEN, were increased. In conclusion, the A2a-adenosine system is decreased in MCAT, but it maintains its function; moreover, miR-221 could participate in promoting inflammation in adipose tissue.
The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology – Elsevier
Published: Jul 1, 2018
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