Lesions in such chronic neurodegenerative disorders as Alzheimer disease (AD), Parkinson disease, the parkinsonism dementia complex of Guam, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis have associated with them a variety of proteins known to be involved in inflammatory processes. This is particularly true of AD, where inflammatory reactions are thought to be important contributors to the neuronal loss. Proteins present include complement proteins, complement inhibitors, acute phase reactants, inflammatory cytokines, proteases, and protease inhibitors. Studies of cultured human astrocytes and microglia, obtained from postmortem brain, have established that nearly all of these proteins are produced by one or another of these cell types. Human neurons also produce many inflammatory proteins and their inhibitors, creating complex interactions. Accumulations of amyloid and extracellular tangles apparently act as irritants, causing the activation of complement, the initiation of reactive changes in microglia, and the release of potentially neurotoxic products. Such products include the membrane attack complex, oxygen free radicals, and excess glutamate. Twenty epidemiological studies that have been published to date indicate that populations taking antiinflammatory drugs have a significantly reduced prevalence of AD or a slower mental decline. One small clinical trial with indomethacin showed arrest of the disease over a six-month period. Therapeutic intervention in key inflammatory processes holds great promise for the amelioration of AD and possibly other neurodegenerative disorders.
Experimental Gerontology – Elsevier
Published: Aug 1, 1998
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera