1 Introduction</h5> Although shrimp production in coastal pond systems is a traditional practice in Asia ( Dierberg and Kiattisimkul, 1996; Bergquist, 2007 ), recent decades have seen a huge increase in the extent and intensity of shrimp aquaculture activities, driven by consumer demand from Japan, North America and Europe ( Primavera, 1997; Thornton et al., 2003; Bergquist, 2007; Bosma and Verdegem, 2011 ). Sri Lankan shrimp farming became one of the fastest growing industries in the 1980s, most likely inspired by the profits seen in established shrimp farming practices in countries such as Thailand, Ecuador, Indonesia, China and Vietnam ( Cattermoul and Devendra, 2002; Munasinghe et al., 2010 ).</P>Sri Lanka has 1700 km of coastline comprising lagoons and sheltered bays that are prime sites for aquaculture development ( Dayananda, 2004; Drengstig, 2013 ). Shrimp farming started in the north western coast of the country, with pioneer farms established around Chilaw Lake ( Fig. 1 ; Senarath and Visvanathan, 2001 ), which were followed by rapid expansion particularly concentrated along the coast from Chilaw to Puttalam lagoon in the north western province (NWP) ( Dahdouh-Guebas et al., 2001; Munasinghe et al., 2010 ).</P>The major shrimp species cultured in Sri
Ocean & Coastal Management – Elsevier
Published: Aug 1, 2015
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