Consumer interest in environmentally friendly goods has introduced concepts and ideas about the manufacturing/consumption of local products as an alternative to large-scale centralized manufacturing. It has been proposed that small-scale production will reduce the CO2 emissions associated with transportation and strengthen local economies at the same time. However, these small-scale local manufacture systems might not necessarily lead to a more sustainable production system. In this paper, “the honeycomb model” is proposed as a computational framework for the simulation and optimization of manufacturing and distribution of fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) from an integrated techno-economic and environmental point of view. The manufacturing of tomato paste has been chosen as representative case study, and a systematic evaluation of optimum manufacturing configurations under different scenarios has been performed. The results of this analysis indicate that a shift towards a favorable distributed manufacturing is obtained in systems with large product demand and/or located at regions of big size, while centralization of production is favorable in systems with relatively small product demand and/or located at regions of modest size. In addition, centralized manufacturing is favored when there are significant differences in the carbon footprint of the raw materials depending on their origin. Overall, the honeycomb model can be used as a method to assess financial and environmental sustainability impact of alternative manufacturing scenarios for different FMCG's.
Journal of Cleaner Production – Elsevier
Published: Aug 20, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera