Electronic level schemes with the host valence and conduction band together with the level locations of ground and excited states of defects are used to explain and predict luminescence and carrier trapping phenomena. These schemes are always constructed and interpreted by using the electron picture. In this work the alternative hole picture is presented. Such picture is sometimes used in the field of semi-conductors but hardly ever in the field of wide band gap inorganic compounds. We will focus on the lanthanides, and first show where to draw the hole ground state and excited hole states in our scheme. It leads to up-side-down Dieke diagrams and up-side-down configuration coordinate diagrams but for the rest everything is equivalent to the electron picture. With the hole picture, luminescence quenching via hole ionization to the valence band and hole trapping in defects can be illustrated much more conveniently than with the electron picture. As examples the quenching of the Tb3+ D45 emissions by electron ionization and the quenching of the Eu3+ D05 emissions by hole ionization are compared.
Journal of Luminescence – Elsevier
Published: May 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera