The histone demethylase KDM2B is an epigenetic factor with oncogenic properties that is regulated by the basic fibroblasts growth factor (FGF-2). It has recently been shown that KDM2B co-operates with Polycomb Group proteins to promote cell migration and angiogenesis in tumors. In the present study we addressed the role of KDM2B in regulating actin cytoskeleton signaling, cell-cell adhesion and migration of prostate tumor cells. We report here that KDM2B is functionally expressed in DU-145 prostate cancer cells, activated by FGF-2 and regulates EZH2. KDM2B knockdown induced potent up-regulation of gene transcription and protein expression of the epithelial markers E-cadherin and ZO-1, while KDM2B overexpression down-regulated the levels of both markers, suggesting control of cell adhesion by KDM2B. RhoA and RhoB protein expression and activity were diminished upon KDM2B-knockdown and upregulated in KDM2B-overexpressing cell clones. In accordance, actin reorganization with formation of stress fibers became evident in KDM2B-overexpressing cells and abolished in the presence of the Rho inhibitor C3 transferase. DU-145 cell migration was significantly enhanced in KDM2B overexpressing cells and abolished in C3-pretreated cells. Conversely, the retardation of cell migration observed in KDM2B knockdown cells was enhanced in C3-pretreated cells. These results establish a clear functional link between the epigenetic factor KDM2B and the regulation of cell adhesion and Rho-GTPases signaling that controls actin reorganization and cell migration.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Cell Research – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
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