Angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis play a crucial role in tumor growth, invasion and metastasis. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) induce both angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in mouse breast cancer models and positively correlate with these processes in human breast cancer patients. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is a widely used therapeutic option for cancer treatment. However, the effect of NAC on the distribution of TAM within intratumoral compartments and their correlation with angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis remained unknown. In the present study we analyzed the effect of NAC on the distribution of CD68+ and stabilin-1+ TAM in five functionally distinct areas of human breast cancer and their correlations with microvessel density (MVD) and lymphatic microvessel density (LMVD), identified by CD31 and LYVE1, respectively. We found that NAC enhances blood vessel density in soft fibrous stroma and in coarse fibrous stroma. Without NAC the amount of CD68+ TAM in gaps of ductal tumor structures positively correlate with CD31+ microvessel density in soft fibrous stroma. NAC had enhancing effect on the amount of CD68+ TAM but not stabilin-1+ TAM in soft fibrous stroma. However, no correlation between TAM and CD31+ microvessel density was identified after NAC. NAC did not enhance the lymphatic microvessel density. But after NAC stabilin-1 expressing subpopulation of TAM positively correlated with expression of LYVE-1. We hypothesized that CD68+ TAM can support tumor angiogenesis primarily before NAC, while stabilin-1+ TAM can contribute to the maintenance of lymphatic microvessel density after NAC.
Immunobiology – Elsevier
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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