The cytoskeleton in ‘couch potato-ism’: Insights from a murine model of impaired actin dynamics

The cytoskeleton in ‘couch potato-ism’: Insights from a murine model of impaired actin dynamics Evidence for a critical pathophysiological role of aberrant cytoskeletal dynamics is being uncovered in a growing number of neuropsychiatric syndromes. A sedentary lifestyle as well as overt psychopathology is prevalent in patients with the metabolic syndrome. Using mice deficient in gelsolin (Gsn-/-), a crucial actin-severing protein, we here investigated reduced actin turnover as a potential common driver of metabolic disturbances, sedentary behavior, and an anxious/depressive phenotype. Gelsolin deficiency resulted in reduced lifespan. As compared to wildtype controls, Gsn-/- mice (~ 9 weeks) fed a high-fat diet (HFD) over a span of 12 weeks showed increased body weight gain, fat mass, hepatic steatosis, and adipocyte hypertrophy as well as a significantly reduced respiratory quotient. Moreover, increased rigidity of the actin cytoskeleton in mice on HFD induced mRNA expression of Acc1, Acc2, Fasn, and Lipe, key genes involved in fatty acid metabolism in the liver. Glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were worsened in Gsn-/- HFD relative to Gsn+/+ HFD mice. Hypertension in Gsn-/- mice was associated with reduced endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) mRNA expression and reduced eNOS protein trafficking to the plasma membrane. Furthermore, acetylcholine-induced cGMP production and relaxation of aortic rings were impaired by actin filament stabilization. Gsn-/- mice on HFD displayed reduced corticosterone concentrations and reduced energy expenditure as compared to Gsn+/+ HFD mice. Moreover, Gsn-/- HFD mice displayed an overall pattern of hypoactive and anxious/depressive-like behavior. In aggregate, our results demonstrate that impaired actin filament dynamics promote the development of key behavioral and physiological aspects of the metabolic syndrome. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experimental Neurology Elsevier

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/the-cytoskeleton-in-couch-potato-ism-insights-from-a-murine-model-of-DACYgYtCHk
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0014-4886
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.expneurol.2018.04.004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Evidence for a critical pathophysiological role of aberrant cytoskeletal dynamics is being uncovered in a growing number of neuropsychiatric syndromes. A sedentary lifestyle as well as overt psychopathology is prevalent in patients with the metabolic syndrome. Using mice deficient in gelsolin (Gsn-/-), a crucial actin-severing protein, we here investigated reduced actin turnover as a potential common driver of metabolic disturbances, sedentary behavior, and an anxious/depressive phenotype. Gelsolin deficiency resulted in reduced lifespan. As compared to wildtype controls, Gsn-/- mice (~ 9 weeks) fed a high-fat diet (HFD) over a span of 12 weeks showed increased body weight gain, fat mass, hepatic steatosis, and adipocyte hypertrophy as well as a significantly reduced respiratory quotient. Moreover, increased rigidity of the actin cytoskeleton in mice on HFD induced mRNA expression of Acc1, Acc2, Fasn, and Lipe, key genes involved in fatty acid metabolism in the liver. Glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were worsened in Gsn-/- HFD relative to Gsn+/+ HFD mice. Hypertension in Gsn-/- mice was associated with reduced endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) mRNA expression and reduced eNOS protein trafficking to the plasma membrane. Furthermore, acetylcholine-induced cGMP production and relaxation of aortic rings were impaired by actin filament stabilization. Gsn-/- mice on HFD displayed reduced corticosterone concentrations and reduced energy expenditure as compared to Gsn+/+ HFD mice. Moreover, Gsn-/- HFD mice displayed an overall pattern of hypoactive and anxious/depressive-like behavior. In aggregate, our results demonstrate that impaired actin filament dynamics promote the development of key behavioral and physiological aspects of the metabolic syndrome.

Journal

Experimental NeurologyElsevier

Published: Aug 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off