The cost and practicality of techniques for the reversion of arable land to lowland wet grassland—an experimental study and review

The cost and practicality of techniques for the reversion of arable land to lowland wet... Agricultural intensification within Britain has been responsible for the destruction of semi-natural habitats and the subsequent loss of species. Opportunities have become available to reinstate such communities through agri-environmental initiatives e.g. the Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESA) scheme. Lowland wet grasslands represent a severely declining habitat which are nonetheless a major element in eight English ESAs, where they have been targeted for protection, enhancement and re-creation. However, the continued agricultural usage of the land places constraints, both ecological and financial, upon the conservation of such habitats. This paper outlines the effects of intensive agriculture upon wet grasslands, the justification for their protection, and how targets for their conservation might be derived. Techniques and costs involved in the restoration of grassland are discussed. Finally the cost and effectiveness of re-creating lowland wet grassland are considered using the example of an ex-arable site within the upper Thames tributaries ESA. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Environmental Management Elsevier

The cost and practicality of techniques for the reversion of arable land to lowland wet grassland—an experimental study and review

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 Academic Press
ISSN
0301-4797
D.O.I.
10.1006/jema.1998.0236
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Agricultural intensification within Britain has been responsible for the destruction of semi-natural habitats and the subsequent loss of species. Opportunities have become available to reinstate such communities through agri-environmental initiatives e.g. the Environmentally Sensitive Areas (ESA) scheme. Lowland wet grasslands represent a severely declining habitat which are nonetheless a major element in eight English ESAs, where they have been targeted for protection, enhancement and re-creation. However, the continued agricultural usage of the land places constraints, both ecological and financial, upon the conservation of such habitats. This paper outlines the effects of intensive agriculture upon wet grasslands, the justification for their protection, and how targets for their conservation might be derived. Techniques and costs involved in the restoration of grassland are discussed. Finally the cost and effectiveness of re-creating lowland wet grassland are considered using the example of an ex-arable site within the upper Thames tributaries ESA.

Journal

Journal of Environmental ManagementElsevier

Published: Feb 1, 1999

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