Previous phylogenetic studies have suggested that Rubus takesimensis (Rosaceae), which is endemic to Ulleung Island, Korea, is closely related to R. crataegifolius, which is broadly distributed across East Asia. A recent phylogeographic study also suggested the possible polyphyletic origins of R. takesimensis from multiple source populations of its continental progenitor R. crataegifolius in China, Japan, Korea, and the Russian Far East. However, even though the progenitor-derivative relationship between R. crataegifolius and R. takesimensis has been established, little is known about the chloroplast genome (i.e., plastome) evolution of anagenetically derived species on oceanic islands and their continental progenitor species. In the present study, we characterized the complete plastome of R. takesimensis and compared it to those of R. crataegifolius and four other Rubus species. The R. takesimensis plastome was 155,760 base pairs (bp) long, a total of 46 bp longer than the plastome of R. crataegifolius (28 from LSC and 18 from SSC). No structural or content rearrangements were found between the species pairs. Four highly variable intergenic regions (rpl32/trnL, rps4/trnT, trnT/trnL, and psbZ/trnG) were identified between R. takesimensis and R. crataegifolius. Compared to the plastomes of other congeneric species (R. corchorifolius, R. fockeanus, and R. niveus), six highly variable intergenic regions (ndhC/psaC, rps16/trnQ, trnK/rps16, trnL/trnF, trnM/atpE, and trnQ/psbK) were also identified. A total of 116 simple sequence repeats (SSRs), including 48 mononucleotide, 64 dinucleotide, and four trinucleotide repeat motifs were characterized in R. takesimensis. The plastome resources generated by the present study will help to elucidate plastome evolution within the genus and to resolve phylogenetic relationships within highly complex and reticulated lineages. Phylogenetic analysis supported both the monophyly of Rubus and the sister relationship between R. crataegifolius and R. takesimensis.
Gene – Elsevier
Published: Aug 20, 2018
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