The complementarity of language and other human capital: immigrant earnings in Canada

The complementarity of language and other human capital: immigrant earnings in Canada This paper analyzes the effects of language practice on earnings among adult male immigrants in Canada using the 1991 census. Earnings are shown to increase with schooling, pre-immigration experience and duration in Canada, as well as with proficiency in the official languages (English and French). Using selectivity correction techniques, it is shown that there is complementarity between language skills and both schooling and pre-immigration experience. That is, greater proficiency in the official languages enhances the effects on earnings of schooling and pre-immigration labor market experience. Language proficiency and post-migration experience appear to be substitutes, that is, those with greater proficiency have a smaller effect of time in Canada on earnings. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Economics of Education Review Elsevier

The complementarity of language and other human capital: immigrant earnings in Canada

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0272-7757
eISSN
1873-7382
D.O.I.
10.1016/S0272-7757(03)00037-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects of language practice on earnings among adult male immigrants in Canada using the 1991 census. Earnings are shown to increase with schooling, pre-immigration experience and duration in Canada, as well as with proficiency in the official languages (English and French). Using selectivity correction techniques, it is shown that there is complementarity between language skills and both schooling and pre-immigration experience. That is, greater proficiency in the official languages enhances the effects on earnings of schooling and pre-immigration labor market experience. Language proficiency and post-migration experience appear to be substitutes, that is, those with greater proficiency have a smaller effect of time in Canada on earnings.

Journal

Economics of Education ReviewElsevier

Published: Oct 1, 2003

References

  • Census language questions in North America
    Chiswick, B.R.; Miller, P.
  • Immigrant earnings: Age at immigration matters
    Schaafsma, J.; Sweetman, A.

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