The behaviour of 236U in the North Atlantic Ocean assessed from numerical modelling: A new evaluation of the input function into the Arctic

The behaviour of 236U in the North Atlantic Ocean assessed from numerical modelling: A new... A numerical model, previously validated with other radionuclides, was applied to simulate the dispersion of 236U released from European nuclear fuel reprocessing plants in the North Atlantic and Shelf Seas using a published reconstruction of Sellafield and La Hague releases. Model results are in better agreement with observations if the lowest estimation of such releases are used. This implies that approximately 40kg of 236U has been discharged from Sellafield. It was found that adsorption of 236U on bed sediments of the shallow European Shelf Seas plays an essential role in its dispersion patterns. This contrasts strongly with the more conservative behaviour of 129I in the same area. This has two important implications in the use of 236U as oceanographic tracer; i) special care must be taken in coastal areas, as sediments might act as sinks and sources of 236U; ii) the annual input function of 236U into the Arctic is not directly controlled by the annual discharges from Sellafield and La Hague, since sediments from the Irish, Celtic and North Sea modulate and smooth the signal. Only 52% of the total releases enter into the Arctic Ocean. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Science of the Total Environment Elsevier

The behaviour of 236U in the North Atlantic Ocean assessed from numerical modelling: A new evaluation of the input function into the Arctic

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/the-behaviour-of-236u-in-the-north-atlantic-ocean-assessed-from-3BX1bwNGmn
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0048-9697
eISSN
1879-1026
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.01.058
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A numerical model, previously validated with other radionuclides, was applied to simulate the dispersion of 236U released from European nuclear fuel reprocessing plants in the North Atlantic and Shelf Seas using a published reconstruction of Sellafield and La Hague releases. Model results are in better agreement with observations if the lowest estimation of such releases are used. This implies that approximately 40kg of 236U has been discharged from Sellafield. It was found that adsorption of 236U on bed sediments of the shallow European Shelf Seas plays an essential role in its dispersion patterns. This contrasts strongly with the more conservative behaviour of 129I in the same area. This has two important implications in the use of 236U as oceanographic tracer; i) special care must be taken in coastal areas, as sediments might act as sinks and sources of 236U; ii) the annual input function of 236U into the Arctic is not directly controlled by the annual discharges from Sellafield and La Hague, since sediments from the Irish, Celtic and North Sea modulate and smooth the signal. Only 52% of the total releases enter into the Arctic Ocean.

Journal

Science of the Total EnvironmentElsevier

Published: Jun 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off