Aggressive behavior represents an important public concern and a clinical challenge to behaviorists and psychiatrists. Aggression in humans is known to have an important genetic basis, so to investigate the association of Y chromosome short tandem repeat (Y-STR) loci with initiative–aggressive behavior, we compared allelic and haplotypic distributions of 22 Y-STRs in a group of Chinese males convicted of premeditated extremely violent crimes (n = 271) with a normal control group (n = 492). Allelic distributions of DYS533 and DYS437 loci differed significantly between the two groups (P < 0.05). The case group had higher frequencies of DYS533 allele 14, DYS437 allele 14, and haplotypes 11–14 of DYS533–DYS437 compared with the control group. Additionally, the DYS437 allele 15 frequency was significantly lower in cases than controls. No frequency differences were observed in the other 20 Y-STR loci between these two groups. Our results indicate a genetic role for Y-STR loci in the development of initiative aggression in non-psychiatric subjects.
Gene – Elsevier
Published: May 15, 2018
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