The anti-androgenic effects of cypermethrin mediated by non-classical testosterone pathway activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade in mouse Sertoli cells

The anti-androgenic effects of cypermethrin mediated by non-classical testosterone pathway... Previous studies have demonstrated that the anti-androgenic effects of cypermethrin (CYP) are associated with testosterone (T) - related signaling pathway. This study was to investigate the effects of CYP on mouse Sertoli cells (TM4) and clarify whether the mechanisms were mediated by non-classical T signaling pathway activating mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade. The Cell Counting Kit 8 (CCK8) and Real-Time Cell Analysis iCELLigence (RTCA-iCELLigence) system were performed to detect the effects of 10 μM, 20 μM, 40 μM and 80 μM CYP on the viability and proliferation of TM4. The mammalian two hybrid assay, quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot were conducted to analyze the key genes and proteins involved in T-mediated MAPK signaling pathway. CYP was found to inhibit the viability and proliferation of TM4. Additionally, CYP disturbed the functions of Sertoli cells by inhibiting inhibin B (INH B) expression and facilitating androgen binding protein (ABP) and transferrin (TF) expression. Moreover, CYP suppressed the interaction of AR and Src kinase and inhibited androgen-mediated phosphorylation of Src, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), extracellular-regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) and transcription factor cAMP response element binding protein (CREB). Furthermore, the androgen-induced mRNA and protein expression of CREB-regulated gene early growth response factor (Egr1) decreased after treated with CYP. It is indicated that CYP inhibits the viability and proliferation of Sertoli cells and non-classical T signaling pathway activation of MAPK cascade is involved in anti-androgenic effect of CYP. This study provides a novel insight into the CYP-induced reproductive toxicity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Elsevier

The anti-androgenic effects of cypermethrin mediated by non-classical testosterone pathway activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade in mouse Sertoli cells

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0147-6513
eISSN
1090-2414
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.03.109
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Previous studies have demonstrated that the anti-androgenic effects of cypermethrin (CYP) are associated with testosterone (T) - related signaling pathway. This study was to investigate the effects of CYP on mouse Sertoli cells (TM4) and clarify whether the mechanisms were mediated by non-classical T signaling pathway activating mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade. The Cell Counting Kit 8 (CCK8) and Real-Time Cell Analysis iCELLigence (RTCA-iCELLigence) system were performed to detect the effects of 10 μM, 20 μM, 40 μM and 80 μM CYP on the viability and proliferation of TM4. The mammalian two hybrid assay, quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot were conducted to analyze the key genes and proteins involved in T-mediated MAPK signaling pathway. CYP was found to inhibit the viability and proliferation of TM4. Additionally, CYP disturbed the functions of Sertoli cells by inhibiting inhibin B (INH B) expression and facilitating androgen binding protein (ABP) and transferrin (TF) expression. Moreover, CYP suppressed the interaction of AR and Src kinase and inhibited androgen-mediated phosphorylation of Src, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), extracellular-regulated kinase1/2 (ERK1/2) and transcription factor cAMP response element binding protein (CREB). Furthermore, the androgen-induced mRNA and protein expression of CREB-regulated gene early growth response factor (Egr1) decreased after treated with CYP. It is indicated that CYP inhibits the viability and proliferation of Sertoli cells and non-classical T signaling pathway activation of MAPK cascade is involved in anti-androgenic effect of CYP. This study provides a novel insight into the CYP-induced reproductive toxicity.

Journal

Ecotoxicology and Environmental SafetyElsevier

Published: Aug 15, 2019

References

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