Lymphocytes, macrophages, and immunological mediators are critical in atherogenesis, but Th17 cells are still little studied. We investigated blood lymphocyte profiles, cytometric changes in blood Th17 cells, and production of Th17-associated cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) stimulated with phytohemagglutinin (PHA) in dyslipidemic patients. Forty-nine Brazilian dyslipidemic patients, including 14 with negative coronary angiograms (CAs) and 35 with positive CAs (atherosclerosis), were classified into groups G1 and G2, respectively, and 27 healthy individuals without dyslipidemia were included in the control group (HI). In all participants, lipid profiles, CVD risk factors, atherogenic risk indexes, cytometry of blood T lymphocytes (CD4+ T, CD8+ T, and Th17 cells), and Th17 cytokine production were determined. Production of interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-17F, IL-21, and IL-22 was measured in culture supernatants of PHA-stimulated PBMCs. Patients with atherosclerosis exhibited low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and apolipoprotein A and showed increased atherogenic risk indexes and a higher frequency of prior acute myocardial infarction (AMI). CD8+ T-cell counts were lower in patients with previous AMI and higher in dyslipidemic obese individuals. Th17 cell frequency was increased in dyslipidemic women with atherosclerosis. PBMCs from patients with atherosclerosis produced less IL-17A and IL-21, but more IL-22. IL-17F production was unaltered. In summary, cytometric changes in CD8+ T and Th17 lymphocytes and altered production of Th17-associated cytokines were observed in these individuals and were related to endocrine factors, obesity, and AMI. The practical implications of these findings need to be investigated in future studies.
International Immunopharmacology – Elsevier
Published: Mar 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera