Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic, occlusive cerebrovascular disease with an unknown etiology. Recent genome-wide and locus-specific association studies identified the RNF213 gene (RNF213) as an important susceptibility gene of MMD among East Asian populations; however, the mechanism by which an abnormality in RNF213 leads to MMD has not yet been elucidated. Therefore, we herein generated Rnf213-knock-in mice (RNF213-KI) expressing a missense mutation in mouse Rnf213, p. R4828K, on Exon 61, corresponding to human RNF213, p. R4859K, on Exon 60, in MMD patients, and investigated whether they developed MMD. We assessed the temporal profile of intracranial arteries by 9.4-T magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) continuously in the same mouse up to 64 weeks of age. The ratios of the outer diameter of the internal carotid artery (ICA)/basilar artery (BA) and middle cerebral artery (MCA)/BA were evaluated histopathologically. The common carotid arteries (CCA) were sectioned and arterial wall thickness/thinness was evaluated by Elastica-Masson staining before and after CCA ligation, which selectively induced vascular hyperplasia. The results obtained showed that RNF213-KI grew normally, with no significant difference being observed in MRA findings or the anatomy of the circle of Willis between homozygous RNF213-KI and wild-type (Wt) littermates. Furthermore, no significant difference was noted in the diameter of the intracranial vasculature (ICA/BA; p=0.82, MCA/BA; p=0.27) or in vascular remodeling after CCA ligation. Therefore, RNF213-KI did not spontaneously develop MMD. Multiple secondary insults such as environmental factors may contribute to the onset of MMD in addition to genetic factors.
Brain Research – Elsevier
Published: Oct 22, 2015
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