Techniques for time-efficient isolation of human skin dendritic cell subsets and assessment of their antigen uptake capacity

Techniques for time-efficient isolation of human skin dendritic cell subsets and assessment of... Dendritic cells (DCs) residing in skin are important sentinels for foreign antigens. Methods to facilitate studies of subsets of skin DCs are important to increase the understanding of various pathogens, allergens, topical treatments or vaccine components targeting the skin. In this study, we developed a new DC purification method using a skin graft mesher, clinically used for expansion of skin grafts, to accelerate processing of skin into nets that allowed efficient enzymatic disruption and single cell isolation. The reduction in processing time using the skin graft mesher enabled processing of larger skin samples and also limited the ex vivo handling of the specimens which is associated with maturation of DCs. In addition, a skin explant model to functionally monitor early events of antigen uptake by DC subsets in situ was developed. DCs isolated from epidermis represented a uniform CD1a + HLA-DR + CD11c + Langerin + DC-SIGN − DC-LAMP int DEC-205 int Langerhans cell (LC) population whereas three subtypes of HLA-DR + CD11c + DCs were isolated from dermis based on their varying expression of CD1a. Epidermal LCs showed a significantly higher antigen uptake capacity of fluorescently-labelled ovalbumin (OVA) and dextran as compared to any of the dermal DC (dDC) subsets. In contrast, injection of antigen directly into skin explants followed by in situ imaging revealed that the majority of DCs with internalized antigen were localized in the dermis, likely as a consequence of the anatomical site for antigen delivery. These methods offer potency for various applications addressing antigen uptake, microbial DC interactions or other antigenic stimulation targeting the skin and can enhance our knowledge of basic DC biology in human skin. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Immunological Methods Elsevier

Techniques for time-efficient isolation of human skin dendritic cell subsets and assessment of their antigen uptake capacity

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/techniques-for-time-efficient-isolation-of-human-skin-dendritic-cell-aZT0fcMBIV
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0022-1759
DOI
10.1016/j.jim.2009.06.012
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Dendritic cells (DCs) residing in skin are important sentinels for foreign antigens. Methods to facilitate studies of subsets of skin DCs are important to increase the understanding of various pathogens, allergens, topical treatments or vaccine components targeting the skin. In this study, we developed a new DC purification method using a skin graft mesher, clinically used for expansion of skin grafts, to accelerate processing of skin into nets that allowed efficient enzymatic disruption and single cell isolation. The reduction in processing time using the skin graft mesher enabled processing of larger skin samples and also limited the ex vivo handling of the specimens which is associated with maturation of DCs. In addition, a skin explant model to functionally monitor early events of antigen uptake by DC subsets in situ was developed. DCs isolated from epidermis represented a uniform CD1a + HLA-DR + CD11c + Langerin + DC-SIGN − DC-LAMP int DEC-205 int Langerhans cell (LC) population whereas three subtypes of HLA-DR + CD11c + DCs were isolated from dermis based on their varying expression of CD1a. Epidermal LCs showed a significantly higher antigen uptake capacity of fluorescently-labelled ovalbumin (OVA) and dextran as compared to any of the dermal DC (dDC) subsets. In contrast, injection of antigen directly into skin explants followed by in situ imaging revealed that the majority of DCs with internalized antigen were localized in the dermis, likely as a consequence of the anatomical site for antigen delivery. These methods offer potency for various applications addressing antigen uptake, microbial DC interactions or other antigenic stimulation targeting the skin and can enhance our knowledge of basic DC biology in human skin.

Journal

Journal of Immunological MethodsElsevier

Published: Aug 31, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off