Teachers' aptitude beliefs as a predictor of helplessness in low-achieving students: Commonalities and differences between academic domains

Teachers' aptitude beliefs as a predictor of helplessness in low-achieving students:... Low-achieving students are at risk of experiencing a pattern of emotional, motivational, and cognitive deficits called school-related helplessness if they attribute their low achievement to low aptitude. Teachers' beliefs about the causes of students' low achievement are important sources of attributional information for students. In a sample of 2117 German ninth-graders attending the lowest track, 118 math and 129 German-language teachers, we tested whether teachers' beliefs about the extent to which aptitude causes achievement moderated the achievement-helplessness relation in students and whether there were differences between math and German. Multilevel analyses revealed that low prior achievement predicted higher helplessness in both subjects but the effect was stronger in math than in German. Teachers' beliefs amplified the achievement-helplessness relation in math but not in German. Results are discussed regarding domain-specific epistemological beliefs, and implications for research and practice are derived. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Learning and Individual Differences Elsevier

Teachers' aptitude beliefs as a predictor of helplessness in low-achieving students: Commonalities and differences between academic domains

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
1041-6080
eISSN
1873-3425
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.lindif.2018.01.015
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Low-achieving students are at risk of experiencing a pattern of emotional, motivational, and cognitive deficits called school-related helplessness if they attribute their low achievement to low aptitude. Teachers' beliefs about the causes of students' low achievement are important sources of attributional information for students. In a sample of 2117 German ninth-graders attending the lowest track, 118 math and 129 German-language teachers, we tested whether teachers' beliefs about the extent to which aptitude causes achievement moderated the achievement-helplessness relation in students and whether there were differences between math and German. Multilevel analyses revealed that low prior achievement predicted higher helplessness in both subjects but the effect was stronger in math than in German. Teachers' beliefs amplified the achievement-helplessness relation in math but not in German. Results are discussed regarding domain-specific epistemological beliefs, and implications for research and practice are derived.

Journal

Learning and Individual DifferencesElsevier

Published: Feb 1, 2018

References

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