Take two: Sources and deterrents of score change in employment retesting

Take two: Sources and deterrents of score change in employment retesting Retesting occurs at all stages of the candidate life cycle—from screening and selection through development and promotion—and therefore has numerous human resource implications. Existing frameworks of retest performance address statistical and conceptual issues related to retest score change; however, little is understood about what causes score gains due to repeat administrations and the effect this has on construct and criterion-related validity. This article reviews the literature on retest effects and introduces a number of factors, including a) construct-relevant change, b) construct-irrelevant change due to individual difference traits, states, and motivation, and c) methods and procedures that may deter construct-irrelevant contamination between tests. In cases where empirical evidence is lacking, propositions are presented to guide future research in evaluating the extent to which construct-irrelevant individual differences and motives contaminate retest performance. We also review ways organizations may limit construct-irrelevant score gains in retesting by attempting to standardize test administration and enhance test security. We end with a discussion of the framework's implications on retest score-based decisions, and methods to mitigate retest score contamination. It is hoped that this paper will facilitate a more comprehensive understanding of retest effects in organizational settings and a way forward for both research and practice. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Human Resource Management Review Elsevier

Take two: Sources and deterrents of score change in employment retesting

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/take-two-sources-and-deterrents-of-score-change-in-employment-1Y3juyxFWe
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
1053-4822
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.hrmr.2016.10.002
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Retesting occurs at all stages of the candidate life cycle—from screening and selection through development and promotion—and therefore has numerous human resource implications. Existing frameworks of retest performance address statistical and conceptual issues related to retest score change; however, little is understood about what causes score gains due to repeat administrations and the effect this has on construct and criterion-related validity. This article reviews the literature on retest effects and introduces a number of factors, including a) construct-relevant change, b) construct-irrelevant change due to individual difference traits, states, and motivation, and c) methods and procedures that may deter construct-irrelevant contamination between tests. In cases where empirical evidence is lacking, propositions are presented to guide future research in evaluating the extent to which construct-irrelevant individual differences and motives contaminate retest performance. We also review ways organizations may limit construct-irrelevant score gains in retesting by attempting to standardize test administration and enhance test security. We end with a discussion of the framework's implications on retest score-based decisions, and methods to mitigate retest score contamination. It is hoped that this paper will facilitate a more comprehensive understanding of retest effects in organizational settings and a way forward for both research and practice.

Journal

Human Resource Management ReviewElsevier

Published: Sep 1, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off