Newly synthesised mononuclear gold complexes containing the 2-BrC6F4PPh2 ligand have been fully characterised and their anticancer activity towards five human tumor [prostate (PC3), glioblastoma (U87MG), cervical (HeLa), fibrosarcoma (HT1080), ovarian (SKOV-3)] and normal human embryonic kidney (Hek-293T) cell lines investigated. Some of the synthesised gold complexes displayed higher cytotoxicity than cisplatin towards PC-3, HeLa and U87MG cells and inhibited the thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) enzyme, which is considered a potential target for new compounds in cancer treatment. The more physiologically relevant tumor spheroid assay demonstrated the superior potency of these gold phosphine complexes in inhibiting the growth of cervical carcinoma cell line HeLa (3D) spheroidal models. The mechanism of cell death was shown to be apoptotic cell death through cell cycle arrest, mitochondrial membrane depolarisation and increased ROS production.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry – Elsevier
Published: Feb 10, 2018
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