TiC nanocrystalline powders were synthesized by in-situ carbothermic reduction of Ti-O-C precursor under vacuum atmosphere. And the Ti-O-C precursor was formed by sol-gel method from titanium butyrate (TBOT) and sucrose. To obtain stable sol, TBOT was directly added into mixed solution which contains water, sucrose, acetic acid (AcOH) and acetylacetone (ACAC). This procedure is more convenient and economical because it avoids the use of alcohol which is used as solvent in most reports of alkoxide hydrolysis sol-gel method. TG-DSC, XRD, FTIR and SEM/TEM were employed to analyze and characterize the product during the entire process. The phase composition and crystalline structure parameters of powders with different C/Ti molar ratio were investigated by Rietveld refinement method, and elemental quantitative analysis of the samples were performed. Furthermore, the optimal parameters of carbothermal reduction were obtained and the grain growth mechanism was demonstrated. The results show that TiC nanocrystalline powders (C/Ti molar ratio is 3.5 in the precursor) were synthesized at 1300 °C for 2 h, which have near standard lattice parameter, well crystallinity and fine average grain size (~37.4 nm).
Journal of Solid State Chemistry – Elsevier
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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