Infiltrated La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) sintered porous powder cathodes for solid oxide fuel cells have been investigated by synchrotron ultra-small angle x-ray scattering (USAXS). We demonstrated that atomic layer deposition (ALD) is the method for a uniform coating and liquid-phase infiltration for growing nanoscale particles on the porous LSCF surfaces. The MnO infiltrate, grown by ALD, forms a conformal layer with a uniform thickness throughout the pores evidenced by USAXS thickness fringes. The La0.6Sr0.4CoO3 (LSC) and La2Zr2O7 (LZO) infiltrates, grown by liquid-phase infiltration, were found to form nanoscale particles on the surfaces of LSCF particles resulting in increased surface areas. Impedance measurements suggest that the catalytic property of LSC infiltrate, not the increased surface area of LZO, is important for increasing oxygen reduction activities.
Solid State Ionics – Elsevier
Published: Nov 15, 2017
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