Substance P preserves pancreatic β-cells in streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic mice

Substance P preserves pancreatic β-cells in streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic mice Preservation of the pancreatic β-cell population is required for the development of therapies for diabetes, which is caused by a decrease in β-cells. Here, we demonstrate the antidiabetic effects of substance P (SP) in type 1 diabetes (T1D) mice induced with streptozotocin. SP enhanced the compensatory proliferation of β-cells in order to restore β-cells in response to acute injury induced by a single high-dose of streptozotocin. However, SP affected neither the basal proliferation of β-cells nor their apoptosis. In vitro studies by using the INS-1 pancreatic β-cell line showed that SP mediated the increase in the proliferation of β-cells via the activation of Akt. Chronic systemic treatment with SP restored the mass of β-cells and inhibited insulitis in T1D mice induced with multiple low-doses of streptozotocin. Therefore, systemic treatment with SP may be a promising therapeutic strategy for treating diabetes in patients with loss of functional β-cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications Elsevier

Substance P preserves pancreatic β-cells in streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic mice

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0006-291x
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.07.142
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Preservation of the pancreatic β-cell population is required for the development of therapies for diabetes, which is caused by a decrease in β-cells. Here, we demonstrate the antidiabetic effects of substance P (SP) in type 1 diabetes (T1D) mice induced with streptozotocin. SP enhanced the compensatory proliferation of β-cells in order to restore β-cells in response to acute injury induced by a single high-dose of streptozotocin. However, SP affected neither the basal proliferation of β-cells nor their apoptosis. In vitro studies by using the INS-1 pancreatic β-cell line showed that SP mediated the increase in the proliferation of β-cells via the activation of Akt. Chronic systemic treatment with SP restored the mass of β-cells and inhibited insulitis in T1D mice induced with multiple low-doses of streptozotocin. Therefore, systemic treatment with SP may be a promising therapeutic strategy for treating diabetes in patients with loss of functional β-cells.

Journal

Biochemical and Biophysical Research CommunicationsElsevier

Published: Sep 30, 2017

References

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