The high potential of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) arises due to the high degree of efficiency and fuel flexibility. However, the elementary kinetic steps of the anodic processes taking place at the boundary of electrolyte–anode–gas are still largely unknown. Patterned Ni anodes on Y 2 O 3 -stabilized ZrO 2 are regarded as a promising method to determine these kinetics. In analogy to our previous study with patterned Ni anodes for the H 2 –H 2 O system, this study is systematically devoted to the elementary kinetics of the CO electrochemical oxidation in CO–CO 2 gas mixtures. Data analysis is backed by extensive knowledge on patterned anode stability and dynamics gained during previous studies. The electrochemical characterization is performed for a large parameter variation range ( p CO 2 , p CO and T ) by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Contrary to the characterization in H 2 –H 2 O atmosphere no slow relaxation processes were observed and the degradation rate is smaller. Changes in parameter dependency over the investigated parameter range indicate different reaction mechanisms as a function of gas composition. Only slightly higher polarization losses are observed for CO oxidation compared to H 2 . The comparison of the results from patterned anodes to high-performance Ni/8YSZ cermet anodes employed in anode supported cells yields good agreement.
Journal of Power Sources – elsevier
Published: Sep 1, 2011
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