The amino groups of hyperbranched polyethylenimine (HPEI) were partially modified with isobutyric anhydride to introduce isobutyramide (IBAm) groups to HPEI, resulting in an LCST-type thermoresponsive HPEI-IBAm that is positively-charged or neutral depending on the media pH. Succinic acid (SA) units were further introduced to HPEI-IBAm through acylation with succinic anhydride, resulting in the hyperbranched polyampholyte, HPEI-IBAm-SA, with both amino and carboxylic acid groups. 1H NMR characterization proved the successful preparation of HPEI-IBAm-SA. Turbidimetry measurements showed that HPEI-IBAm-SA was also an LCST-type thermoresponsive polymer. The cloud point temperature (Tcp) of HPEI-IBAm-SA was pH-dependent. Compared with the HPEI-IBAm precursor, HPEI-IBAm-SA showed the thermoresponsive property in a wider pH range. At isoelectric point, HPEI-IBAm-SA had the lowest Tcp. The isoelectric point of HPEI-IBAm-SA could be tuned by controlling the amount of SA units, and the one with more SA units had a lower isoelectric point. Four halide anions with sodium as the counterion and four cations (Na+, K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+) with chloride as the counterion were used to measure the salt effects on the Tcp of HPEI-IBAm-SA. The specific ranking orderings of these ions in reducing the Tcp of HPEI-IBAm-SA were opposite at pH below and above isoelectric point. At pH above isoelectric point, the anion ranking is I−<Br−<Cl−<F−, and the cation ranking is Ca2+ > Mg2+ > Na+ ≈ K+. At pH below isoelectric point, and, the anion ranking is F−∼Cl−<Br−<I− in the low-salt-concentration region (≤10−2 M), while the cation ranking is Na+ ≈ K+ > Mg2+ ≈ Ca2+. All the specific salt ordering found in HPEI-IBAm-SA system could be also found in the system of the protein representative, ovalbumin, implying that HPEI-IBAm-SA was a better protein model to mimic the interactions among ions and proteins with a different isoelectric point.
Polymer – Elsevier
Published: Feb 10, 2016
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera