Study of the plasticising effect on polymer and its development in fuel cell application

Study of the plasticising effect on polymer and its development in fuel cell application Plasticisers have been widely used as additives in polymer applications, including pharmaceuticals, food processing, and electrochemical sensing, to improve the mechanical and physicochemical properties of the polymers. Recent developments using alternatives to the conventional phthalate ester plasticisers, such as water, ionic liquids (ILs) and deep eutectic solvents (DES), have opened new avenues for expanding plasticiser use into other potential areas such as ion exchange membranes. Owing to the unique properties of plasticisers that promote a higher amount of amorphous phase within the intermolecular structural of the polymer, combinations of plasticisers and polymers improve a polymeric film's ionic conductivity while maintaining film flexibility and thermal stability. Hence, this review paper intends to provide an insight on the applications of conventional and alternative plasticisers in various areas, as well as to address the working mechanism of plasticisers within polymer films. Most importantly, this paper highlights recent developments incorporating plasticisers in proton exchange membranes and the future potential of these materials. The outlook presented here demonstrates that some of the challenges faced during the fabrication of ion exchange membranes, which are alternatives to Nafion membranes, can be overcome. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews Elsevier

Study of the plasticising effect on polymer and its development in fuel cell application

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/study-of-the-plasticising-effect-on-polymer-and-its-development-in-nlmdTKwB19
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
1364-0321
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.154
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Plasticisers have been widely used as additives in polymer applications, including pharmaceuticals, food processing, and electrochemical sensing, to improve the mechanical and physicochemical properties of the polymers. Recent developments using alternatives to the conventional phthalate ester plasticisers, such as water, ionic liquids (ILs) and deep eutectic solvents (DES), have opened new avenues for expanding plasticiser use into other potential areas such as ion exchange membranes. Owing to the unique properties of plasticisers that promote a higher amount of amorphous phase within the intermolecular structural of the polymer, combinations of plasticisers and polymers improve a polymeric film's ionic conductivity while maintaining film flexibility and thermal stability. Hence, this review paper intends to provide an insight on the applications of conventional and alternative plasticisers in various areas, as well as to address the working mechanism of plasticisers within polymer films. Most importantly, this paper highlights recent developments incorporating plasticisers in proton exchange membranes and the future potential of these materials. The outlook presented here demonstrates that some of the challenges faced during the fabrication of ion exchange membranes, which are alternatives to Nafion membranes, can be overcome.

Journal

Renewable and Sustainable Energy ReviewsElsevier

Published: Nov 1, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off