Incorporation of water into tin-substituted BaIn1-xSnxO3-δ (x = 0.1–0.3) is shown to influence crystal structure at room temperature, structural transformations at high temperatures and ionic transport properties of the materials. Increasing tin content stabilizes oxygen vacancy-disordered perovskite-type phase, which together with large changes of the unit cell volume occurring during hydration and dehydration processes, result in a complex structural behavior, as documented by high-temperature X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric studies. Impedance spectroscopy measurements at elevated temperatures (350–800 °C) revealed very high proton conductivity in BaIn.8Sn.2O3-δ, exceeding 1.1·10−3 S cm−1 at 500 °C, with high values of the transference number in wet air. At the same time, relaxation kinetics of the electrical conductivity showed a monotonous nature, which indicates negligible component of the electronic hole conductivity in the hydrated material. The oxides are extremely moisture-sensitive, which results in a significant mechanical stability problems, affecting possibility to prepare electrolyte membranes.
Journal of Solid State Chemistry – Elsevier
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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