Article history: Copper antimony sulﬁde (CAS) has been proposed as low toxicity and earth abundant absorber mate- Received 26 April 2017 rials for thin ﬁlm photovoltaics due to their suitable optical band gap, high absorption coefﬁcient and Received in revised form 28 July 2017 p-type electrical conductivity. The present work reports the formation of copper antimony sulﬁde by Accepted 3 August 2017 chemical bath deposition using sodium citrate as a complexing agent. We show that by tuning the Available online 25 August 2017 annealing condition, one can obtain either chalcostibite or tetrahedrite phase. However, the main chal- lenge was co-deposition of copper and antimony as ternary sulﬁdes from a single chemical bath due to Keywords: the distinct chemical behavior of these metals. The as-deposited ﬁlms were subjected to several trials Copper antimony sulﬁde thin ﬁlms of thermal treatment using different temperatures and time to ﬁnd the optimized annealing condition. Chemical bath deposition The ﬁlms were characterized by different techniques including Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction Complexing agent (XRD), proﬁlometer, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV–vis spectrophotometer, and Hall Effect Reaction mechanism Optical and electrical properties measurements. The results show that the formation of chalcostibite and tetrahedrite phases is highly sensitive to
Applied Surface Science – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera