Structural interpretation of the strain-rate, temperature and morphology dependence of the yield stress of injection molded semicrystalline polymers

Structural interpretation of the strain-rate, temperature and morphology dependence of the yield... The yield stress of polypropylene specimens with different initial microstructural states is investigated. These latter were obtained by systematic variations of the processing conditions in injection molding, resulting in different laminated skin-core structures. The morphology of the molded specimens was characterized by polarized light microscopy (full specimen), differential scanning microscopy (core layer) and wide-angle X-ray scattering (skin region). The yield stress was evaluated at different nominal strain-rates (1.67×10 −3 to 150 s −1 ) and temperatures (23, 40 and 60 °C). The experimental results are analyzed in the frame of Eyring's viscous flow and lamellar cluster models, being established the relationships between the activation volume and enthalpy upon the initial morphological state of the specimens. It is proposed that similar deformation mechanisms operate in both skin and core layers, although with distinct temperature and strain-rate sensitivities. The morphology dependence of the yield stress at different temperatures and strain-rates is established in terms of a laminate composite approach. Yielding is interpreted based on the deformation of crystalline lamellae by the pulling out action of both the molecular chains that are anchored in the inter-lamellar amorphous phase and the tie-molecules. The deformation mechanism operating at the skin and core layers are unified by an elastic-beam mechanical analogue that is able of explaining the morphology, temperature and strain-rate dependences of the yield stress. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Polymer Elsevier

Structural interpretation of the strain-rate, temperature and morphology dependence of the yield stress of injection molded semicrystalline polymers

Polymer, Volume 46 (25) – Nov 28, 2005

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/structural-interpretation-of-the-strain-rate-temperature-and-APyfHPtyBm
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0032-3861
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.polymer.2005.10.024
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The yield stress of polypropylene specimens with different initial microstructural states is investigated. These latter were obtained by systematic variations of the processing conditions in injection molding, resulting in different laminated skin-core structures. The morphology of the molded specimens was characterized by polarized light microscopy (full specimen), differential scanning microscopy (core layer) and wide-angle X-ray scattering (skin region). The yield stress was evaluated at different nominal strain-rates (1.67×10 −3 to 150 s −1 ) and temperatures (23, 40 and 60 °C). The experimental results are analyzed in the frame of Eyring's viscous flow and lamellar cluster models, being established the relationships between the activation volume and enthalpy upon the initial morphological state of the specimens. It is proposed that similar deformation mechanisms operate in both skin and core layers, although with distinct temperature and strain-rate sensitivities. The morphology dependence of the yield stress at different temperatures and strain-rates is established in terms of a laminate composite approach. Yielding is interpreted based on the deformation of crystalline lamellae by the pulling out action of both the molecular chains that are anchored in the inter-lamellar amorphous phase and the tie-molecules. The deformation mechanism operating at the skin and core layers are unified by an elastic-beam mechanical analogue that is able of explaining the morphology, temperature and strain-rate dependences of the yield stress.

Journal

PolymerElsevier

Published: Nov 28, 2005

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off