The Transylvanian Basin with its up to 10-km-thick Upper Cretaceous to Pliocene fill is one of the most important sedimentary basins of southeastern Europe. Upper Cretaceous coarse-grained clastics lie unconformably on basement strongly tectonized during Early Cretaceous and older stages. Upper Cretaceous sediments were mainly deposited along roughly NS-trending grabens and were subsequently folded before the end of the Paleocene. Eocene to Middle Oligocene rocks record mostly quiet sedimentation. NS tension and extension took place in the Oligocene and was followed by widespread NWSE compression and contraction. Important thrusts are associated with this phase in the northwestern and southeastern parts of the basin. Widespread NS contraction followed during the Early Miocene in association with S-vergent thrusting in the northern part of the basin. A southward thinning clastic wedge developed during this stage. The Badenian basal unconformity marked a major change in the sedimentary and tectonic pattern of the Transylvanian Basin with new depocenters developing in the central parts of the present-day basin. Late Miocene EW extension affected vast areas and caused some important normal faulting in the southeast. The youngest deformation recorded is associated with EW contraction and is of Pliocene or younger age.
Tectonophysics – Elsevier
Published: May 10, 1997
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