Mycobacteria employ a versatile machinery of the mycothiol-dependent system, containing the proteins mycothiol disulfide reductase (Mtr), the oxido-reductase Mycoredoxin-1 (Mrx-1) and the alkyl-hydroperoxide subunit E (AhpE). The mycothiol-dependent protein ensemble regulates the balance of oxidized-reduced mycothiol, to ensure a reductive intracellular environment for optimal functioning of its proteins even upon exposure to oxidative stress. Here, we determined the first low-resolution solution structure of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Mtr (MtMtr) derived from small-angle X-ray scattering data, which provides insight into its dimeric state. The solution shape reveals the two NADPH-binding domains inside the dimeric MtMtr in different conformations. NMR-titration shows that the MtMtr-MtMrx-1 interaction is characterized by a fast exchange regime and critical residues involved in the protein-protein interaction were identified. Using NMR spectroscopy and docking studies, the epitopes of MtMrx-1 and MtAhpE interaction are described, shedding new light into the interaction interface and mechanism of action. Finally, the essential residue of MtMrx-1 identified in the interaction with MtMtr and MtAhpE form a platform for structure-guided drug design against the versatile enzyme machinery of the mycothiol-dependent system inside M. tuberculosis.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects – Elsevier
Published: Sep 1, 2017
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