Structural and genetic relatedness of the O-antigens of Escherichia coli O50 and O2

Structural and genetic relatedness of the O-antigens of Escherichia coli O50 and O2 An O-specific polysaccharide (O-antigen) was isolated by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli O50 followed by gel chromatography on Sephadex G-50. The following structure of the tetrasaccharide repeat was established by sugar analysis and 1D and 2D 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy:→3)-α-l-Rhap-(1 → 2)-α-l-Rhap-(1 → 3)-β-l-Rhap-(1 → 4)-β-d-GlcpNAc-(1→The linear O50 polysaccharide has the same structure as the main chain of the branched O polysaccharide of E. coli O2 studied earlier [Jansson et al., Carbohydr. Res. 161 (1987) 273–279], which differs in the presence of a side-chain α-d-Fucp3NAc residue. In spite of the difference between the O-polysaccharides, the corresponding genes in the O2- and O50-antigen gene cluster are 99–100% identical. The genetic basis for the lack of d-Fucp3NAc from the O50 polysaccharide is evidently a point mutation in the aminotransferase gene fdtB of the d-Fucp3NAc synthesis pathway resulting in a single amino acid change from histidine in O2 to arginine in O50. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Carbohydrate Research Elsevier

Structural and genetic relatedness of the O-antigens of Escherichia coli O50 and O2

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0008-6215
eISSN
1873-426X
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.carres.2018.05.001
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

An O-specific polysaccharide (O-antigen) was isolated by mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli O50 followed by gel chromatography on Sephadex G-50. The following structure of the tetrasaccharide repeat was established by sugar analysis and 1D and 2D 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy:→3)-α-l-Rhap-(1 → 2)-α-l-Rhap-(1 → 3)-β-l-Rhap-(1 → 4)-β-d-GlcpNAc-(1→The linear O50 polysaccharide has the same structure as the main chain of the branched O polysaccharide of E. coli O2 studied earlier [Jansson et al., Carbohydr. Res. 161 (1987) 273–279], which differs in the presence of a side-chain α-d-Fucp3NAc residue. In spite of the difference between the O-polysaccharides, the corresponding genes in the O2- and O50-antigen gene cluster are 99–100% identical. The genetic basis for the lack of d-Fucp3NAc from the O50 polysaccharide is evidently a point mutation in the aminotransferase gene fdtB of the d-Fucp3NAc synthesis pathway resulting in a single amino acid change from histidine in O2 to arginine in O50.

Journal

Carbohydrate ResearchElsevier

Published: Jul 15, 2018

References

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