1 Introduction</h5> Certain foods not only provide energy and nutrients to the body, but also induce modulation of immune response in multiple ways and bring about host resistance to infection by their bioactive components ( Huang, Zourdos, Jo, & Ormsbee, 2013 ). Diet contains various plant sources like garlic, onion, artichoke, chicory and a few others, which are rich in fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS)/inulin (IN). Dietary supplementation of neutral and acidic oligosaccharides for six weeks enhanced the systemic Th1-dependent immune responses (fecal bifidobacteria and lactobacilli) in a murine vaccination model ( Vos et al., 2007 ). A study in infants at high risk for allergy showed that supplementation with a mixture of short-chain galacto-oligosaccharides and FOS induces a beneficial antibody profile, and modulates the immune response towards cow's milk proteins without altering the immune response to vaccination ( Van Hoffen et al., 2009 ).</P>Onion ( Allium cepa L.; Alliaceae family) is a perennial herbaceous plant closely related to garlic ( Allium sativum ). It is a commonly used bulb spice in daily food preparations in most of the Indian/international cuisine. It contains water (∼89%), fibre (∼1.7%), protein (∼1.1%) and flavonoids (∼0.02%) based on fresh weight ( Lanzotti, 2006 ). In
Carbohydrate Polymers – Elsevier
Published: Mar 6, 2015
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