Strategies for oxidation of PAHs in aged contaminated soil by batch reactors

Strategies for oxidation of PAHs in aged contaminated soil by batch reactors Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are neutral, nonpolar and hydrophobic molecules that tend to sorb onto soil organic matter. Chemical oxidation is a good choice to avoid the limitations of bioremediation.To evaluate the efficiency of different types of oxidation (permanganate, hydrogen peroxide, and persulfate) and activation (heat, alkaline, and iron), batch reactors were prepared. The soil was contaminated with phenanthrene and pyrene (1200 ± 200 and 2800 ± 100mg per kg of dry soil, respectively) and aged for fifteen months. Treatments were prepared with 10g of contaminated dry soil and 20ml of water and incubated at room temperature for 7 days. Analyses of phenanthrene and pyrene concentrations, soil pH and electric conductivity were performed. Counts of heterotrophic cultivable bacteria on R2A medium and PAH-degraders were carried out after 7 days of treatment. The persulfate treatment at room temperature, without the addition of activators, achieved better results than treatments with the same doses of permanganate or hydrogen peroxide. All the strategies to improve persulfate treatments yielded higher degradation of pyrene than the biological control, as expected from the structural description of this compound by Clar's model. The thermal activation of persulfate (65°C for 6h) led to the degradation of more than 90% of both PAHs after 7 days of treatment. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Elsevier

Strategies for oxidation of PAHs in aged contaminated soil by batch reactors

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0147-6513
eISSN
1090-2414
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.12.067
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are neutral, nonpolar and hydrophobic molecules that tend to sorb onto soil organic matter. Chemical oxidation is a good choice to avoid the limitations of bioremediation.To evaluate the efficiency of different types of oxidation (permanganate, hydrogen peroxide, and persulfate) and activation (heat, alkaline, and iron), batch reactors were prepared. The soil was contaminated with phenanthrene and pyrene (1200 ± 200 and 2800 ± 100mg per kg of dry soil, respectively) and aged for fifteen months. Treatments were prepared with 10g of contaminated dry soil and 20ml of water and incubated at room temperature for 7 days. Analyses of phenanthrene and pyrene concentrations, soil pH and electric conductivity were performed. Counts of heterotrophic cultivable bacteria on R2A medium and PAH-degraders were carried out after 7 days of treatment. The persulfate treatment at room temperature, without the addition of activators, achieved better results than treatments with the same doses of permanganate or hydrogen peroxide. All the strategies to improve persulfate treatments yielded higher degradation of pyrene than the biological control, as expected from the structural description of this compound by Clar's model. The thermal activation of persulfate (65°C for 6h) led to the degradation of more than 90% of both PAHs after 7 days of treatment.

Journal

Ecotoxicology and Environmental SafetyElsevier

Published: Apr 30, 2018

References

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