Sprouting of dopaminergic fibers from spared mesencephalic dopamine neurons in the unilateral partial lesioned rat

Sprouting of dopaminergic fibers from spared mesencephalic dopamine neurons in the unilateral... A unilateral partially lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease was developed following selective lesioning of the dopamine neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta by stereotactic injection of the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine. In this animal model the dopamine neurons of the ventral tegmental area and medial substantia nigra are spared. The neuronal loss in such partial lesioned models mimics more closely that seen in human mid-stage parkinsonism. Cografts of adrenal medullary cells and sciatic nerve to the partially lesioned striatum induced a sprouting response in grafted animals that was confirmed by immunocytochemical staining with antibodies to tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and by quantification of the high affinity dopamine uptake complex using ( 3 H)GBR 12935 binding. Enhanced TH fiber immunostaining was evident even in the presence of poor cograft survival. The origin of the TH-like immunostained fibers in the striatum was determined using Lucifer yellow retrograde axonal transport. Following discrete tracer injections into the striatum adjacent to a cograft, neurons in the medial substantia nigra and ventral tegmental area (areas A9 and A10, respectively) were labelled with Lucifer yellow. These labelled neurons displayed a morphology characteristics of dopamine neurons and, in double-labelling experiements, also immunostained for TH. These results support the utility of unilateral partially lesioned rat models of Parkinson's disease for studies investigating a host sprouting or upregulation response and confirm that the immunostained striatal fibers originate from spared dopamine neurons in the ventromedial midbrain. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Brain Research Elsevier

Sprouting of dopaminergic fibers from spared mesencephalic dopamine neurons in the unilateral partial lesioned rat

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1995 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved
ISSN
0006-8993
D.O.I.
10.1016/0006-8993(94)01244-C
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A unilateral partially lesioned rat model of Parkinson's disease was developed following selective lesioning of the dopamine neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta by stereotactic injection of the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine. In this animal model the dopamine neurons of the ventral tegmental area and medial substantia nigra are spared. The neuronal loss in such partial lesioned models mimics more closely that seen in human mid-stage parkinsonism. Cografts of adrenal medullary cells and sciatic nerve to the partially lesioned striatum induced a sprouting response in grafted animals that was confirmed by immunocytochemical staining with antibodies to tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and by quantification of the high affinity dopamine uptake complex using ( 3 H)GBR 12935 binding. Enhanced TH fiber immunostaining was evident even in the presence of poor cograft survival. The origin of the TH-like immunostained fibers in the striatum was determined using Lucifer yellow retrograde axonal transport. Following discrete tracer injections into the striatum adjacent to a cograft, neurons in the medial substantia nigra and ventral tegmental area (areas A9 and A10, respectively) were labelled with Lucifer yellow. These labelled neurons displayed a morphology characteristics of dopamine neurons and, in double-labelling experiements, also immunostained for TH. These results support the utility of unilateral partially lesioned rat models of Parkinson's disease for studies investigating a host sprouting or upregulation response and confirm that the immunostained striatal fibers originate from spared dopamine neurons in the ventromedial midbrain.

Journal

Brain ResearchElsevier

Published: Jan 30, 1995

References

  • Reactive glia as rivals in regulating neuronal survival
    Giulian, D.

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