To elucidate the sorption affinity of biochars for neonicotinoid pesticides and the influence of biochar structure on sorption mechanisms therein, 24 biochar samples were obtained by pyrolyzing maize straw and pig manure at pyrolyzing temperatures (PTs) of 200–700 °C and by further deashing them using acids, and the sorption of three typical neonicotinoids, imidacloprid, clothianidin and thiacloprid on untreated and acid-deashed biochars were evaluated. All the biochar samples could efficiently adsorb the three neonicotinoids and multiple mechanisms were involved in sorption. With the increasing PTs, hydrophobic partition sorption increased, but had a declined contribution to the total sorption as revealed by a dual-mode model. Besides hydrophobic partition, specific interactions like cation-π electron donor acceptor (EDA) interactions (only for protonated IMI and CLO) and hydrogen bond and contributed much to the sorption on low-PT (≤500 °C) biochars, while the sorption on those high-PT (>500 °C) biochars mainly depended on pore-filling strengthened by cation-π and p/π-π EDA interactions. Thiacloprid showed stronger sorption on untreated biochars compared to imidacloprid and clothianidin, due to its greater ability to form hydrogen bond and hydrophobic interactions. Acid-deashing treatments increased the relative percentage contents of organic carbon, bulk O, aromaticity and O-containing functional groups, surface area and pore volume of biochars. The ash can bind neonicotinoids by specific interactions but played a negative role in the whole sorption on high-PT biochars by covering the inner sorption sites of organic moieties and blocking the micropores in biochars. The results acquired in the present study will help us to get deep insight in the comprehensive sorption mechanisms of polar pesticides on biochar and the effects of biochar structure.
Environmental Pollution – Elsevier
Published: Mar 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera