Sorption mechanisms of neonicotinoids on biochars and the impact of deashing treatments on biochar structure and neonicotinoids sorption

Sorption mechanisms of neonicotinoids on biochars and the impact of deashing treatments on... To elucidate the sorption affinity of biochars for neonicotinoid pesticides and the influence of biochar structure on sorption mechanisms therein, 24 biochar samples were obtained by pyrolyzing maize straw and pig manure at pyrolyzing temperatures (PTs) of 200–700 °C and by further deashing them using acids, and the sorption of three typical neonicotinoids, imidacloprid, clothianidin and thiacloprid on untreated and acid-deashed biochars were evaluated. All the biochar samples could efficiently adsorb the three neonicotinoids and multiple mechanisms were involved in sorption. With the increasing PTs, hydrophobic partition sorption increased, but had a declined contribution to the total sorption as revealed by a dual-mode model. Besides hydrophobic partition, specific interactions like cation-π electron donor acceptor (EDA) interactions (only for protonated IMI and CLO) and hydrogen bond and contributed much to the sorption on low-PT (≤500 °C) biochars, while the sorption on those high-PT (>500 °C) biochars mainly depended on pore-filling strengthened by cation-π and p/π-π EDA interactions. Thiacloprid showed stronger sorption on untreated biochars compared to imidacloprid and clothianidin, due to its greater ability to form hydrogen bond and hydrophobic interactions. Acid-deashing treatments increased the relative percentage contents of organic carbon, bulk O, aromaticity and O-containing functional groups, surface area and pore volume of biochars. The ash can bind neonicotinoids by specific interactions but played a negative role in the whole sorption on high-PT biochars by covering the inner sorption sites of organic moieties and blocking the micropores in biochars. The results acquired in the present study will help us to get deep insight in the comprehensive sorption mechanisms of polar pesticides on biochar and the effects of biochar structure. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Pollution Elsevier

Sorption mechanisms of neonicotinoids on biochars and the impact of deashing treatments on biochar structure and neonicotinoids sorption

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/sorption-mechanisms-of-neonicotinoids-on-biochars-and-the-impact-of-nwRFU3R2lT
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0269-7491
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.envpol.2017.12.013
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To elucidate the sorption affinity of biochars for neonicotinoid pesticides and the influence of biochar structure on sorption mechanisms therein, 24 biochar samples were obtained by pyrolyzing maize straw and pig manure at pyrolyzing temperatures (PTs) of 200–700 °C and by further deashing them using acids, and the sorption of three typical neonicotinoids, imidacloprid, clothianidin and thiacloprid on untreated and acid-deashed biochars were evaluated. All the biochar samples could efficiently adsorb the three neonicotinoids and multiple mechanisms were involved in sorption. With the increasing PTs, hydrophobic partition sorption increased, but had a declined contribution to the total sorption as revealed by a dual-mode model. Besides hydrophobic partition, specific interactions like cation-π electron donor acceptor (EDA) interactions (only for protonated IMI and CLO) and hydrogen bond and contributed much to the sorption on low-PT (≤500 °C) biochars, while the sorption on those high-PT (>500 °C) biochars mainly depended on pore-filling strengthened by cation-π and p/π-π EDA interactions. Thiacloprid showed stronger sorption on untreated biochars compared to imidacloprid and clothianidin, due to its greater ability to form hydrogen bond and hydrophobic interactions. Acid-deashing treatments increased the relative percentage contents of organic carbon, bulk O, aromaticity and O-containing functional groups, surface area and pore volume of biochars. The ash can bind neonicotinoids by specific interactions but played a negative role in the whole sorption on high-PT biochars by covering the inner sorption sites of organic moieties and blocking the micropores in biochars. The results acquired in the present study will help us to get deep insight in the comprehensive sorption mechanisms of polar pesticides on biochar and the effects of biochar structure.

Journal

Environmental PollutionElsevier

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off