Soil moisture and organic matter prediction of surface and subsurface soils using an NIR soil sensor

Soil moisture and organic matter prediction of surface and subsurface soils using an NIR soil sensor Sensors are needed to document the spatial variability of soil parameters for successful implementation of Site-Specific Management (SSM). This paper reports research conducted to document the ability of a previously developed near infrared (NIR) reflectance sensor to predict soil organic matter and soil moisture contents of surface and subsurface soils. Three soil cores (5.56 cm dia.×1.5 m long) were collected at each of 16 sites across a 144 000 km 2 area of the US Cornbelt. Cores were subsampled at eight depth increments, and wetted to six soil moisture levels ranging from air-dry to saturated. Spectral reflectance data (1603–2598 nm) were obtained in the laboratory on undisturbed soil samples. Data were collected on a 6.6 nm spacing with each reflectance value having a 45 nm bandpass. The data were normalized, transformed to optical density (OD, defined as log 10 (1/normalized reflectance)), and analyzed using stepwise multiple linear regression. Standard errors of prediction for organic matter and soil moisture were 0.62 and 5.31%, respectively. NIR soil moisture prediction can be more easily commercialized than can soil organic matter prediction, since a reduced number of wavelength bands are required (four versus nine, respectively). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Computers and Electronics in Agriculture Elsevier

Soil moisture and organic matter prediction of surface and subsurface soils using an NIR soil sensor

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.
ISSN
0168-1699
eISSN
1872-7107
D.O.I.
10.1016/S0168-1699(01)00163-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Sensors are needed to document the spatial variability of soil parameters for successful implementation of Site-Specific Management (SSM). This paper reports research conducted to document the ability of a previously developed near infrared (NIR) reflectance sensor to predict soil organic matter and soil moisture contents of surface and subsurface soils. Three soil cores (5.56 cm dia.×1.5 m long) were collected at each of 16 sites across a 144 000 km 2 area of the US Cornbelt. Cores were subsampled at eight depth increments, and wetted to six soil moisture levels ranging from air-dry to saturated. Spectral reflectance data (1603–2598 nm) were obtained in the laboratory on undisturbed soil samples. Data were collected on a 6.6 nm spacing with each reflectance value having a 45 nm bandpass. The data were normalized, transformed to optical density (OD, defined as log 10 (1/normalized reflectance)), and analyzed using stepwise multiple linear regression. Standard errors of prediction for organic matter and soil moisture were 0.62 and 5.31%, respectively. NIR soil moisture prediction can be more easily commercialized than can soil organic matter prediction, since a reduced number of wavelength bands are required (four versus nine, respectively).

Journal

Computers and Electronics in AgricultureElsevier

Published: Aug 1, 2001

References

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